The Heights of Abraham is an extraordinary place of natural beauty, transformed into a unique visitor attraction for all the family. We take a look at the 'seven wonders' of the Heights of Abraham and just what makes this place so special.

The Cable Cars

Britain's first-ever alpine style cable car system has transported millions of visitors through the skies since its opening in 1984. The 12 enclosed cable cars travel at up to 5 metres per second on a flight above the stunning Derwent Valley to the top of Masson Hill, a whopping 1,000 feet above sea level. The views from here have to be seen to be believed.

The Olympic torch travelled in the cable cars in 2012, and recent VIP visitors have included leading politicians, TV celebrities and even a magician who hung to the outside for a special social media stunt... not sure we'll be trying this one!

Did you know: Following the COVID outbreak, additional windows and ventilation panels have been installed in the cable cars to increase the amount of fresh air blowing through the cars - so be sure to wrap up warm!

Wolfe's View

The Heights gets its name from a historic battle fought on the Plains of Abraham in Quebec in 1759 that led to a brief period of British supremacy in North America. The General in charge of the battle was General James Wolfe, who became a national hero following the decisive victory.

Entrepreneurs of the time sought to capitalise on the British popularity of the battle with statues, songs, paintings and spectacular victory balls created in honour of the event and General Wolfe.

When one Derbyshire entrepreneur spotted the similarity between Masson Hill and the Quebec battlefield, the estate was christened the Heights of Abraham... and the rest, as they say, is history.

Victoria Prospect Tower

Queen (then Princess) Victoria travelled by donkey to the top of the Heights in the early 1830s. A few years later, recently redundant lead miners were retained through the winter to build the prospect tower in her honour. The stone structure with its spiral staircase is thought to be the very first purpose-built tourist attraction in Derbyshire.

In the mid-19th century, the owner of the estate used the tower for pyrotechnic displays. He would light up the sky with flares from the parapet to draw the attention of visitors down in the village.

The Savage Garden

In 1780, 30 acres of Masson hill was enclosed to form what is now the heart of the Heights estate, which opened to the public some seven years later. A local hotel owner of the time saw the potential for a pleasure garden with cavern tours. He transformed the barren lead mining site by planting exotic shrubs, opening up vista viewpoints, illuminating the caverns and creating serpentine paths around the hillside.

The resulting visitor attraction was in the style of a 'savage garden', a popular Regency term for landscapes that provided a romantic escape from the everyday, and an exclusive resort for the wealthy of the time.

Partly thanks to the success of the savage garden and the popular cavern tours at The Heights, Matlock Bath developed into a fashionable destination. By 1837, the village had much-improved accommodation and facilities. Ten years later, with the arrival of the railway, it resulted in an explosion of popular tourism.

The Vista Restaurant

The present owners of the Heights have carried an extensive programme of renovation and innovation across the 60-acre estate and, for many, the starring attraction is the Vista Restaurant & Bar with its contemporary design and balconies that open out onto the spectacular and far-reaching views across the Derwent Valley.

The chef and hospitality team prepare fresh meals every day, using produce from local suppliers to create a delicious range of menu choices for you to enjoy one thousand feet above sea level.

Cable car visitors can book tables to sit inside, on the balcony and the new top terrace dining areas.

Tinker's Shaft

Since Roman times, the land on Masson Hill has been used by miners hoping to earn a living by extracting lead from the hillside. Over hundreds of years, this activity created a unique landscape and habitat, which has since been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

On the hillside, just above the exit from the Great Masson Cavern is a Tinker's Shaft which provides a wonderful viewpoint over Matlock plus some interesting information about the hillside for those looking to learn more.

The Great Masson Cavern and the Rutland Cavern Tours

The Great Rutland and Great Masson Caverns were transformed from working lead mines to tourist attractions in the early part of the 19th century. Lead mining had become uneconomical and the miners were faced with redundancy - but found they could earn more by becoming cave guides. This entrepreneurial approach worked wonders, as Georgian visitors were fascinated by romantic cave scenery and contemporary ideas of geology, and visited the caverns in huge numbers to see these astonishing sights for themselves.

Celebrities of the time endorsed the popularity of these underground tours. As early as 1818, the youngest son of Emperor Alexander III of Russia, Imperial Grand Duke Michael visited the Great Rutland Cavern. Musical events and cavern tours were held by candlelight for many years, and it was not until 1986 that electricity was first used to light the caves - making a much more pleasant experience for today's visitors!

In more recent times the Great Masson Cavern has become the more popular of the two caves. This is partly due to its location near the main visitor centre at the summit, but also the colourful lighting effects introduced a few years ago to heighten the cavern tour experience.

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